Cyber Security and The Common Types of Cyber Threats

07 February 2022

The Basics of Cyber Security

Cybersecurity is the discipline of safeguarding pivotal systems and confidential data against cyberattacks. Cybersecurity initiatives, also known as information technology (IT) security, are intended to resist threats to computer networks systems and applications, whether they stem within or outside of a company. Cybersecurity tech and best procedures safeguard critical systems and sensitive data against an ever-increasing amount of constantly emerging threats.

Significance of Cybersecurity:

The increasing rate and intricacy of cybercriminals' malicious operations worsen the situation even further. Customers' personally identifiable information, such as names, addresses, national id numbers, and credit card details, is targeted by cybercriminals, who then sell these data in underground digital markets. A data breach often results in a loss of customer trust, regulatory fines, and even legal action.

The complexity of security systems caused by disparate technologies and a lack of in house expertise can amplify these costs. However, organisations that implement a comprehensive cybersecurity strategy guided by best practices and automated artificial intelligence, machine learning, and the latest analytics are better equipped to combat cyber threats and reduce the impact of breaches.

Cybersecurity is also critical in preventing threats that intend to disable or interrupt the operation of a system or device.

Several Features of Cybersecurity:

There is no single strategy that a company can use to protect its technology infrastructure. A good cybersecurity service includes multiple layers of protection that cover all aspects of technology usage, each of which must be integrated within the organisation to ensure the success of a cybersecurity program. Among these sections are the following:

  • Application security

  • Information security

  • Disaster Recovery Planning

  • Network Security

  • End-user Security

  • Operational Security

  • Cloud Security

  • Physical Security

Cybersecurity monitoring procedure:

Monitoring cybersecurity update in an ever-changing digital landscape is a dilemma. Traditional reactive approaches are no longer adequate. Cybersecurity firms will examine various aspects of their IT infrastructure, from apps to user habits. The challenge is to evaluate potential risk fields that could allow a malicious program to succeed or allow hackers to access a company system or web application.

Because hackers use many different methods to gain access, many businesses are unaware of their networks' vulnerability to cyberattacks. A cybersecurity consultant stays updated with the current attack methods, zero-day exploits, and counter measures.

Common types of Cybersecurity threats:

It is challenging to stay tuned to new technologies, security trends, and threat intelligence. Protection of information and other assets from digital threats is paramount in various forms. The following are examples of cyberthreats:

  • Malware

  • Ransomware

  • Social Engineering

  • Password Attacks

  • Phishing

  • Spear Phishing

  • Man in the middle

  • Emotet

  • Denial of Service Attack

  • Advanced Persistent Attack


Malware is defined as a malicious activity, including spyware, ransomware, viruses, and worms. Malware is initiated when a user presses a phishing link or attachment, which yields threatening software.


Ransomware is another type of malware attack in which the attacker encrypts or locks the victim's data and threatens to publish or restrict access to the data unless a ransom is paid.

Social Engineering:

A social engineering attack can gain sensitive information usually protected by security procedures by manipulating human interaction.

Password Attacks:

Cyber attackers can access a lot of information with the correct password. Accessing a password database or guessing a password are two other types of password attacks.


Phishing is the practice of sending fake emails, or text messages that look like they came from a credible or well-known source are sent. The intent of these messages, which are frequently random attacks, is to hack confidential data, such as credit card or login details.

Spear Phishing:

Spear phishing refers to an array of phishing attacks targeting specific individuals, organisations, or businesses.

Man in the Middle:

A man-in-the-middle attack is a snooping attack in which an attacker intercepts and relays messages between two groups that believe they are communicating. By placing themselves between a visitor and the network, attackers use malware to install software and steal data.


Emotet is an advanced and powerful modular banking Trojan that acts mainly as a download link or dropper of other banking Trojans. Emotet remains among the most expensive and violent malware.


Multiple systems interrupt the traffic of a target host, such as a server, website, or other network resources, in a denial-of-service attack. Attackers can unstable or wreck the system by swamping messages, connection requests, or packets, blocking organic traffic access.

Advanced Persistent Attacks:

Advance Persistent, targeted attacks are those that remain undetected for an extended period while an attacker intrigues a network to steal information.

Cybersecurity Challenges:

Hackers, data loss, privacy, risk management, and ever-evolving cybersecurity strategies all pose ongoing challenges to cybersecurity. The number of cyberattacks is unlikely to fall in the near future. Furthermore, increased security vulnerabilities, such as the arrival of the internet of things, increase the need to secure networks and devices. Below are a few classified challenges that the cybersecurity department is continuously facing, such as

  • Emerging Technologies

  • Data breach

  • Security awareness training program

  • Shortage of Cybersecurity Professionals

Emerging Technologies:

The changing nature of security risks is one of the most challenging aspects of cybersecurity. New attack methods arise as new technologies emerge and are used in fresh or exciting ways. It can be contesting to hook up with the ongoing changes and advancements in attacks and update techniques to protect against them. Concerns include guaranteeing that all aspects of cybersecurity are kept up to date to protect against possible risks. It can be incredibly challenging for smaller organisations’ that lack the staff and in-house resources.

Data Breach:

People who use one or more of an organisation's facilities can provide a wealth of potential data to the organisation. It is especially true when the data is sensitive. Such as, with the compilation of several data, the possibility of a cybercriminal stealing personally identifiable information becomes a concern. It puts not only the people whose data the organisation stores at risk of having their account hacked, but it also puts the organisation at risk of a possible lawsuit if that information is obtained due to negligence.

Security Awareness Training Programs:

Employees may unintentionally bring viruses into the workplace on their laptops or mobile devices, so cybersecurity programs should include end-user education. Employees will be able to do their part to keep their company safe from cyber threats if they receive regular security awareness training. It necessitates time away from their everyday tasks for training and budgeting for that training by the company.

Shortage of Cybersecurity Professionals:

Another cybersecurity challenge is a scarcity of qualified cybersecurity personnel. As the quantity of data accumulated by businesses grows, so does the need for such personnel to evaluate, organise, and respond to attacks. Approximately two million unfilled cyber security jobs worldwide are unoccupied. This challenge has been mitigated by deep learning and other technological innovations but remains an impediment.

In essence, cybersecurity is a rapidly evolving field due to the phenomenal advancement of technologies. So, pursuing a future in this field can provide untold professional and financial perks as privately managing cyber security can be extremely overwhelming and a never-ending ongoing struggle. Companies can concentrate on their operations once a security system is in place by hiring talented cybersecurity professionals.

To find out more about the best cyber security solutions for your organisation, click here to book a session with our cyber team.

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